Basic Principles of Applied Behavior Analysis for Behavior Technicians
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the implemented utilization of behavioral techniques to daily situations with the aim of either decreasing or increasing aimed behaviors. How this changes into practical implementation will rely on the particular situation. However, every ABA program shares the same elements: programming for generalization to the natural ambiance, discrete trial teaching, prompting and fading tactics, reinforcement, and results-based decision-making.
Principles of Applied Behavior Analysis for Behavior Technicians
A behavior is considered to be a measurable and noticeable action.
Some fundamental principles of Applied Behavior Analysis for Behavior Technicians include:
- Behavior is weakened or powered by its consequences.
- Behavior is actually a product of its ambiance.
- Behavior reacts better to positive instead of negative consequences.
- Whether a behavior is reinforced or punished is simply known by the behavior in the future (punishment weakens and reinforcement powers).
- Past behavior can anticipate the future behavior.
- If often a behavior grows, it is being reinforced by something or somebody.
- Negative or positive reinforcement doesn’t imply bad or good. It implies to remove (taking away) or present (inclusion).
- Behavioral issues compete with precise behaviors and generally win as they are more rewarding and easier.
- An individual might not have learned the precise types of accomplishing the similar function.
- Favorable changes will rely on the schedule of reinforcement, physical effort involved, and how many times they are needed to function.
Some Commonly Used Behavioral Terms
- Natural consequences – This is something which is straight associated with the behavior. For instance: getting burned while playing matches carelessly.
- Reinforcement – This is something which follows a specific behavior and makes that behavior more possible for future occurrence. This goes for both incorrect and correct behaviors. Hence, if a behavior is growing, regardless of the behavior, then something or somebody is reinforcing it.
- Positive reinforcement – It happens when somebody involves a behavior for gaining or contacting some positive stimulus.
- Social consequences – This is something which creates sense, but is not significantly straight connected with the behavior. Social consequences are sometimes utilized for teaching lessons which would else be learned just from big risks. Hence, hopefully, a person can employ social consequences to the situations so that the natural consequences never need to occur.
- Negative reinforcement – This happens when somebody involves the behavior of avoiding or escaping some negative stimulus.
- Punishment – This is something which follows a specific behavior and creates that behavior less possible for occurrence again in the near future.
- Fading – This is about slowing removing reinforces and prompts which maintain a behavior.
- Shaping – This is a great way of teaching a new behavior. A person is reinforced for following estimates of the preferred behavior, slowly growing the criteria for the reinforcement.
Principles of ABA can only be recognized by their impact on behavior. If your child is also suffering from autism disorder or any other behavioral disability, contact us at Consultants for Children as we have the industry-based behavior technicians in our organization.